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Treatment Options For Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a disease that occurs as a result of cell malignancy in the breast tissue. Relatively fatal, breast cancer accounts for the second-highest incidence of cancer mortality amongst women as per CDC data. According to 2017 statistics, the probability of cases is about 125 per 100,00 women. Fortunately, there is an 89.1% survival rate in breast cancer, implying that getting the diagnosis does not signify the road's end.

There are many treatment options for cancer, ranging from local and systemic treatment to treatment by disease progression. Local treatment targets the tumor only and will have only mild effects on the rest of the body. On the other hand, systemic approaches involve drug therapy, usually given orally or by direct introduction into the systemic circulation. However, most treatment plans take into account the type and stage of cancer.

Local Treatment Approaches

Surgery

Surgical intervention in breast cancer can either preserve part of the breast or remove all of it. The conservational way is lumpectomy or partial mastectomy and only removes the part of the breast with the tumor. If the cancer is very severe, removing the entire breast tissue through a process known as mastectomy is the main course of action. In some cases, depending on disease progression, a double mastectomy is the best solution.



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