Don’t Ignore These Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms

What Is Ulcerative Colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers (sores) in your gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The other type of IBD is called Crohn’s disease. The large intestine and anus are part of the GI tract. Ulcerative colitis affects the rectum or the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon). The inflammation starts in the rectum and may spread to the colon. Proper treatment may help reduce the symptoms and the risk of life-threatening complications.

What Causes Ulcerative Colitis?

Researchers view ulcerative colitis as a complex disease that may not have a single cause. They believe it may stem from an overactive immune response. This makes your immune system produce more inflammation than necessary to protect you from infection caused by viruses and bacteria. Excess inflammation leads to tissue damage and triggers autoimmune conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome.

Types of Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is classified according to the part of the rectum or colon affected. Common types include: